From Lux Populi:
Fresh, potable water is a dwindling resource for many of the world’s most populated areas, and the infrastructures for distributing and using it are increasingly antiquated or inefficient. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that more than six billion gallons per day of water (18% of total water treated) are lost during conveyance by leaking pipes. In some low-income countries, such as Indonesia and Mexico, leakage exceeds 50% of water treated, with the global average as high as 35%.
While improvements to physical infrastructure are slow to implement, comparatively faster and lower cost information technology (IT) tools aim to help manage existing infrastructure more effectively. The raft of technologies in this segment apply techniques such as acoustics, digital robot inspection, ground-penetrating radar, wireless sensor networks, and benchmark-based flow modeling. All help provide data toward the detection and location of leaks in pipelines, or measure and assess pipe conditions.