As reported on ITWeb, SAP’s Sven Denecken, VP of sustainability co-innovation, stated at the SAP Sustainability Summit in Johannesburg yesterday that more than 90% of a company’s emissions occur in the supply chain, i.e., not under its direct control.
Is this true? Using the GHG protocol, what emissions are under a firm’s “direct control”?
- Scope 1: direct emissions (direct control)
- Scope 2: purchased energy (mostly direct control, but for the fuel mix used to produce energy, which changes the emission).
- Scope 3: purchased materials and other supply chain emissions (indirect control at best).
So assuming S1 and S2 are direct control and S3 is indirect control, are there figures available to check the 90% S3 claim? Is this meant to be an average figure? Specific to a particular industry? Not clear… For Nokia Group’s reported figures in CDP, the number is consistent with the claim:
|Scope 3*||Employee Business Travel||187,000|
|Use/disposal of co. products||790000|
|TOT S1 & 2||236,087|
|*Details of the most significant Scope 3 sources for your company|
|all values in m tC02e|