An article by Ron Babin and Brian Nicholson entitled “Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility and Global IT Outsourcing” in MIS Quarterly Executive (8:4, 2009) identifies indirect carbon emissions issues involved with global IT outsourcing:
A key implication for IT infrastructure outsourcing providers will be the need for an efficient carbon management model. For example, outsourcing a data center from North America to India may result in lower costs, but may result in higher carbon emissions because of the use of power generated from “dirtier” sources such as diesel and coal. A government tax on global emissions would force the buyer and provider to reconsider how and where outsourced infrastructure services are delivered.
The authors allude to carbon management systems in a table of CSER guidelines: